Types of Environment


Environment means the aggregate of a complex set of physical, geological, biological, social, cultural, and political conditions that surrounds an individual or organisms and eventually determines their appearance as well as the nature of their survival.

The environment is practically everything that embraces an organism. Out of all the planets comprising the solar system, the only habitable planet to provide all the necessary conditions for the existence of life is the earth. The physical and chemical environment however varies in places and provides unique conditions for living beings to adapt and survive.

Types of Environment:

On the basis of human interference, the environment can be categorized as natural, semi-synthetic, or artificial. Kurt Lewin is a German-American psychologist, who emphasized three types of environments that manipulate the persona of an individual.

Physical Environment:

Physical Environment refers to the physical space, the weather, and climatic conditions that influence the organism. The physique and working efficiency of an individual depend much on the climate conditions. Short and sturdy build-ups are features of humans in cold climates. The reduced body surface area allows more heat to be retained. In hot regions, a thinner and long-limbed structure allows more heat to be lost easily.

Social and Cultural Environment:

It is made up of moral values, cultural background, and emotional drives that modify the life and nature of an individual. This in turn is dependent on the social, economic, and political conditions surrounding an individual.

Psychological Environment:

Psychological Environment is the physical, social and cultural environment that limits one’s activities. This sets boundaries for the individual, triggering thought processes and changing behaviors of an individual.